America 1789 -1900
What did t...
1 year ago
In 1861 years of sectional tension had built up between the North and South.
In 1860 the succession process had started with South Carolina succeeding in December 1860 (arguably as a result of Lincoln's election in November 1860) and 6 other deep south states. However, the shift in succession from 1860 to 1861, is that in 1860 the upper South did not see the election as the end of the United States, as only a few states succeed. However by February 1861 the entire Deep South succeed, which defiantly meant war. (The exact reason behind succession is disputed and another question entirely).
On the 4th of February 1861 the Confederate States of America ( Jefferson DAVIS elected president. This had a similar Constitution to the U.S with 4 changes:
it protected states’ rights
prohibited protective tariffs
Moderate Republicans proposed the Crittenden Compromise but was rejected.
On March 4th 1861 Lincoln was inaugurated.
Fort Sumner April 1861
South Carolina needs control of the south or it seems this new ‘nation state’ can’t control its own territory ( = momentum dying out)
Surrendering gives legitimacy to secession but was under manned and low on supplies
Reinforcing with artillery seen as aggressive = Upper South States might then secede
Lincoln orders the navy to resupply + tells South Carolina it's not men/ weapons but food/ water
South Carolina order surrender before shipment Maj. Robert refuses
South Caronia fires first shot + Confederate win
Bull Run July 186
Lincoln’s orders Union Army went to seize Richmond (Confederate capital)
Seemed union win but south held ground + reinforcement in afternoon = counteroffensive defeated Union.
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