differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

2 months ago


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Elizabeth Dempsey

69 Replies

Haris Akhtar Best Answer!


Always unicellular

smaller than eukaryotes

no membrane bound organelles

Dna in their cytoplasm

divide by binary fission


divide by mitosis

usually multicellular

larger than prokaryotes (100x)

have membrane bound organelles like mitochondria

dna in nucleus

Victoria Richards Best Answer!

Eukaryotic cells are the usual plant and animal cells that we think of. So animal cells - DNA in a nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondria and ribosomes. Plant cells- Rigid cell wall, permanent vacoule, chloroplasts along with Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondria and ribosomes.

Then prokaryotic cells are single celled organisms such as bacteria. These are arranged slightly differently in the fact that they do not have a nucleus, instead the DNA is in freely moving strands or plasmids in the cytoplasm. They also do not have mitochondria or chloroplasts, but they do have a cytoplasm, cell membrane and cell wall.

Dr Papiya Bigoniya Best Answer!

Eukaryotic cells are way bigger, complex cells found in multicellular organisms. The genetic material in eukaryotic cells is stored in the Nucleus in contrast to prokaryotic stored in the cytoplasm

Jacob Moses Best Answer!

The major difference is the Prokaryotes does not have a defined Nucleus, they lack nuclear membrane, therefore their genetic material lies in cytoplasm generally prokaryotes are primitive organisms. Where as Eukaryotes have a well defined Nucleus with the Nuclear Membrane. The term "Eu" stands for "true" and "Karyote" means nucleus, there by Eukaryotes are organisms with True Nucleus whereas Prokaryotes are not.

Saima Rahman Best Answer!

1 Prokaryotic cell has no mitochondria

Whereas eukaryotic cell has mitochondria

2.In prokaryotic cells ribosomes are smaller whereas eukaryotic cells consist larger ribosomes.

3.Prokaryotes lack a nucleus whereas nucleus is present in eukaryotes.

Sara Karaoui Best Answer!

Prokaryotic cells have their genetic material (DNA) not enclosed within a nucleus, for example a bacteria has its DNA in plasmids (circular loop of DNA) and strands. Prokaryotic cells also do not have membrane bound organelles (structures within a cell that do not contain a membrane). Prokaryotic cells are much smaller than eukaryotic cells.

Eukaryotic cells have membrane bound organelles and their DNA is enclosed within a Nucleus. Examples of eukaryotic cells are plant cells and animal cells .

Aniya Guttoor Best Answer!

Eukaryotic Cells have a ‘true’ nucleus whereas Prokaryotic cells have a circular loop of DNA floating in the cytoplasm.

Eukaryotic Cells only have a cell membrane whereas Prokaryotic Cells also have a cell wall.

Prokaryotic Cells do not have any membrane bound organelles like mitochondria

Prokaryotic Cells can have a flagellum or mucus capsule

Shreya Bhatia Best Answer!

Prokaryotes: smaller, circular DNA, no nucleus, 70 S ribosome

Eukaryotes: larger, linear DNA, has nucleus, 80 S ribosome

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William O Best Answer!

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Prokaryotes are uni-cellular, meaning they a made of just one cell. Eukaryotes can be either unicellular or multicellular. Eukaryotes have a nucleus which contains the genetic material (DNA). Prokaryotes do not have a nucleus, instead their genetic material (DNA) is found in the cytoplasm. Eukaryotes have membrane bound organelles where as the organelles in prokaryotes are not membrane bound. Eukaryotes are also much bigger than prokaryotes. Furthermore, Eukaryotes contain mitochondria which perform respiration, whereas, prokaryotes do not have mitochondria and respiration takes place in the cytoplasm.

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Muhammad Bilal Best Answer!

Remember a simple difference, Prokaryotes doesn't have nuclear membrane and the organelles are dispersed in cytoplasm while eukaryotes have nuclear membrane and the cellular Organelles are present inside the membrane.

Mustafa Best Answer!

Prokaryotic Cell

Eukaryotic cell

Size is 0.1- 5.0 um

Size is 5-100 um

Nucleus is absent

Nucleus is present

Membrane-bound nucleus absent.

Membrane-bound Nucleus is present.

One chromosome is present, but not true chromosome plastids

More than one number of chromosomes is present.



Lysosomes and Peroxisomes absent

Lysosomes and Peroxisomes present

Microtubules absent

Microtubules present

Endoplasmic reticulum absent

Endoplasmic reticulum present

Mitochondria absent

Mitochondria present

Cytoskeleton absent

Cytoskeleton present

Ribosomes smaller

Ribosomes larger

Vesicles present

Vesicles present

Golgi apparatus absent

Golgi apparatus present

Chloroplasts absent; chlorophyll scattered in the cytoplasm

Chloroplasts present in plants

Submicroscopic in size Flagella is present and made up of only one fiber

Microscopic in size, membrane-bound

Cell wall chemically complexed

The cell wall is present in plants and fungi and chemically simpler

Vacuoles absent

Vacuoles present

The permeability of Nuclear membrane is not present

The permeability of Nuclear membrane is selective

Sexual reproduction is absent

Sexual reproduction is present

Endocytosis and exocytosis are absent.

Endocytosis and exocytosis occurred

It may have pili and fimbriae.

Pili and fimbriae are absent

Transcription occurs in the cytoplasm

Transcription occurs inside the nucleus.

Examples: Bacteria and Archaea

Examples: Protists, Fungi, Plants, and Animals

Sehar Jabeen Best Answer!

A prokaryotic cell has different genetic and cellular features in comparison to eukaryotic cells. For example, prokaryotic cells have a strand of DNA lying in the chromosome whereas eukaryotic cells have condensed chromosomes in the nucleus. Prokaryotes are always unicellular and most eukaryotes are multi-cellular.

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Ashwin Patel Best Answer!

Verified Sherpa Tutor

Hello Elizabeth,

Prokaryotic cells where the first to appear on Earth (like a prototype is the first of a phone or a car). Therefore they are simple cells eg Bacteria

Key differences - Pro have an outer Slime capsule, No nucleus but strands of DNA and Plasmids floating in the cytoplasm and Flagella for motility.

Hope this helps.

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Ruhani Best Answer!

Animal and plant cells are eukaryotic cells whereas bacteria and yeast cells are types of prokaryotic cells. There are a few main differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic. One is the size, prokaryotic cells are much smaller than eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells also always have a cell membrane made of peptidoglycan whereas only some types of eukaryotic cells have a cell membrane. Finally, the genetic material for eukaryotic cells are found within the nucleus however for prokaryotic cells the genetic material is found in the cytoplasm.

Faiza Said Best Answer!

Prokaryotic cells are Bacteria cells , like yeast. Their unicellular and their nucleus is not membrane bound

Eukaryotic cells include animal cells and plant cells. Their multicellular and membrane bound

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