Question

What is an electrolyte?

1 year ago

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H

Horace Nolan


21 Replies

Miyryam N Profile Picture
Miyryam N Best Answer!

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A substance that breaks up into ions when it is dissolved in water. An electrolyte is a solution that contains ions that are electrically conducting through the movement of ions.

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Akbar H Profile Picture
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An electrolyte is a solution typically used in the process of electrolysis, it is made when an ionic compound is dissolved in a solvent. Because it is an ionic compound it means there are free flowing electrons which leads to the electrolyte conducting electricity.

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Odinaka Chimezie Best Answer!

Electrolyte are compounds that conducts electricity and decomposed in the process

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Electrolytes are ionic compounds that are: in the molten state (heated so they become liquids), ordissolved in water.

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Alexandra Wadey Best Answer!

The molten ionic compound to be separated during electrolysis

A
Adelina Madjarova Best Answer!

The electrolyte is a solution that contains ions (either a molten ionic substance or a solution of an ionic substance in a solvent, e.g. water). Due to the presence of ions, the solution can conduct electricity.


The positive and the negative ions in the solutions are free to move. When two electrodes, positive and negative, are placed in the solution of an electrolyte, the following happens:

The positively charged ions from the electrolyte are attracted to the negative electrode (called the cathode). That is why they are called cations; The negatively charged ions from the electrolyte are attracted to the positive electrode (called the anode). They are called anions.

The directed movement of electrically charged particles (ions) is in fact electrical current.

If the two electrodes are connected to a bulb, the circuit closes, and the bulb lights up.


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Electrolytes are chemicals that have the ability to conduct electricity due to the movement of ions when dissolved in water or when they are melted.


Usually electrolytes are ionic compounds or covalent polar compounds.


Example of an ionic compound that conducts electricity: NaCl(l) as an electrolyte in molten form. NaCl(aq) as an electrolyte in an aqueous solution form.

Example of a covalent polar compound that conducts electricity: H2O <=> H+(aq) + OH-(aq). Water is a weak electrolyte.

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An electrolyte is a solution that is being electrolysed. It may be a soluble compound that has ben dissolved in water or it may be a compound that has been heated and is molten. An electrolyte needs to be in the liquid state so that the ions can move, they cannot move when they are solid.

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Electrolyte is a water solution of an ionic compound, for example water solution of NaCl. Electrolyte conducts electricity. This due to having present ions that can carry current.

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AAA Best Answer!

In the context of chemistry an electrolyte must have ions(cations/positively

charged ions & anions/negatively charged ions) that are able to move freely thereby allowing electrical conductivity/electricity to pass through. Therefore, electrolytes are ionic compounds in their liquid state (molten) or dissolved in a solvent such as water where the ions get

separated and become mobile/free to move, thus become electrically conductive.


One of the applications of electrolytes in chemistry is, extracting reactive

metals from their ores by electrolysis. For example, extracting aluminium from

aluminium ore, here, the electrolyte used is aluminium oxide /Al2O3

dissolved in cryolite which is the solvent . Electrolytes are also found in our

bodies and are essential for our body systems to function properly. 

 

E
Emma Wallace Best Answer!

Minerals that carry an electric charge

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An electrolyte is the liquid through which an electric current is passed during electrolysis. It is an ionic compound in either a molten (melted) state or dissolved in solution.

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Naimah Akhtar Best Answer!

An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water. The dissolved electrolyte separates into cations and anions. Cations are positively charged ions and anions are negatively charged ions.

M
Minahil Best Answer!

Electrolytes are ionic compounds when molten or in a solution will conduct an electric current.

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lectrolyte, in chemistry and physics, substance that conducts electric current as a result of a dissociation into positively and negatively charged particles called ions, which migrate toward and ordinarily are discharged at the negative and positive terminals (cathode and anode) of an electric circuit, respectively. The most familiar electrolytes are acids, bases, and salts, which ionize when dissolved in such solvents as water or alcohol. Many salts, such as sodium chloride, behave as electrolytes when melted in the absence of any solvent; and some, such as silver iodide, are electrolytes even in the solid state.

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