Chemistry

>

GCSE

The Periodic Table

Question

What is the main difference between the modern and earlier periodic table?

2 years ago

·

31 Replies

·

8148 views

A

Annalise Ruecker


31 Answers

E
Ehsaan Tahir

In early periodic tables elements were arranged on the basis of increasing atomic masses however in modern periodic tabel elements have been arranged on the basis of increasing atomic numbers.

A
Abraham Babadehinde Reis

The difference is:

While the modern periodic table is based on atomic number, the earlier was based on atomic mass.

S
Subigya

The main difference between the modern periodic table and Mendeleev's periodic table (the earlier periodic table) is that we order elements by atomic number whereas we used to order them by atomic mass.

Emily P Profile Picture
Emily P Verified Sherpa Tutor ✓

Reach for the stars with this friendly Physics & Science teacher!

1 reviews

The main difference is that we have discovered so many more elements in the last 200 years!

I'm available for 1:1 private online tuition!

Click here to view my profile and arrange a free introduction.
Evie W Profile Picture
Evie W Verified Sherpa Tutor ✓

Get help with your Science from primary to GCSE.

2 reviews

The earlier periodic table ordered elements by their atomic mass. Our modern periodic table orders elements by their atomic proton number.

I'm available for 1:1 private online tuition!

Click here to view my profile and arrange a free introduction.
Helen N Profile Picture
Helen N Verified Sherpa Tutor ✓

Enthusiastic science tutor, looking to help you succeed.

8 reviews

In the earlier periodic tables the elements were organised by mass. In modern periodic tables the elements are organised. by atomic number,

I'm available for 1:1 private online tuition!

Click here to view my profile and arrange a free introduction.
M
Maliha Shakir

Mendeleev's periodic table orders the elements based on their atomic mass whereas Modern periodic table orders the elements based on their atomic number

J
Judith D

The arrangement of the modern periodic table is in increasing atomic number (proton number in the nucleus of the atom of the element) from left to right in the table.

The original periodic table was created before detailed knowledge of atomic structure was known and was arranged in order of the mass of the atom of the element.

Celena D Profile Picture
Celena D Verified Sherpa Tutor ✓

18years experience of teaching Science & PE - GCSE /A-level all boards

Early versions of the periodic table were incomplete and elements were placed with others that they had nothing in common with. Dimitri Mendeleev in 1869 developed an early version of the periodic table where he arranged chemical elements by their atomic mass. He predicted that there were other elements out there that were yet to be discovered.

I'm available for 1:1 private online tuition!

Click here to view my profile and arrange a free introduction.
D
David W

The main difference is that the elements in early versions of the periodic table were sorted by mass number, but in the modern table they are sorted by atomic number.


Some more background on this:


The very first chemists first sorted the elements by mass and looked for patterns in the list. Newlands noticed that patterns seemed to repeat every 8 elements (hence the table he deviced became known as Newland's octaves). But this pattern broke down due to the strict ordering by atomic mass. Some elements were placed in the same groups that didn't have the same properties like iron and oxygen.


Mendeleev came closer with his early version of the periodic table, at the time he had no knowledge of subatomic particles like protons, neutrons and electrons.hen he first sorted the elements it was by atomic mass. Because of this he first sorted by the elements by mass, but critically he made exceptions to this rule and swapped some elements around when the chemical properties didn't fit in with the group they were sorted into. He also left gaps where he felt elements should be. That was his genius insight. Those gaps allowed his table to be tested and proven right. Those elements have since been discovered on the modern periodic table and they fit right in where he predicted they would.


The modern periodic table sorts the elements by their atomic number (which tells you the number of protons in the nucleus) and not by mass.

A
Ashley Sheffield

In the earlier periodic table, often attributed to Dmitri Mendeleev, elements were arranged in rows in order of increasing atomic mass. Elements in the same column shared similar properties. This enabled him to predict new elements, that had not yet been discovered, and to predict the properties that they would have.

Katie J Profile Picture
Katie J Verified Sherpa Tutor ✓

Experienced and passionate A-level Biology & GCSE/KS3 science tutor

The older periodic table derived in the 19th century arranged the known elements (more were discovered after the production of this periodic table) based on their atomic mass. The atomic mass identifies the total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of the element and is shown on the element information usually below the element symbol. The modern table arranges element according to their atomic number (number of protons) which is the number usually shown above the element symbol.

I'm available for 1:1 private online tuition!

Click here to view my profile and arrange a free introduction.
Harry S Profile Picture
Harry S Verified Sherpa Tutor ✓

Excellent Oxford-educated science tutor with three years of experience

I would argue that the main difference between the current periodic table and the earlier periodic table (apart from the new elements discovered) is the way they order the elements. They used to order them by their mass, until Mendeleev started to group elements together that had similar chemical properties - indeed, a periodic table. This led to him leaving gaps to fit elements into their appropriate groups, allowing for the prediction of new elements and their properties. The discovery of the proton allowed for a neat way to arrange the elements, giving us the modern periodic table, and confirming Mendeleev’s genius.

I'm available for 1:1 private online tuition!

Click here to view my profile and arrange a free introduction.
S
Samona Shafiq

The earlier periodic table is also called as Mendeleev periodic table. The key difference between Mendeleev and Modern periodic table is that it is based on the atomic numbers, whereas, the basis in Mendeleev periodic table was atomic mass of the elements.

Mendeleev periodic table has 65 known elements.

There are 103 elements in modern periodic table with the newly discovered elements.

There are gaps for undiscovered elements in the Mendeleev periodic table.

In modern periodic table the elements are distributed unifromly.

M
Michael Debrah

Elements are arranged in increasing atomic number on the modern periodic table while they were arranged in atomic mass/weight in the earlier periodic table.

Think you can help?

More Chemistry GCSE Questions
Sherpa Badge

Need a GCSE Chemistry tutor?

Get started with a free online introductions with an experienced and qualified online tutor on Sherpa.

Find a GCSE Chemistry Tutor